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Amazon EC2 vs Google Compute Engine


Plans

Plan Name Monthly Price CPU cores Memory (GB) Disk Space (GB) Data Transfer (GB) Latest trial
t2-micro $7.49 1 1.0 10 100 May 06 2018
t3.small $14.98 2 2.0 8 1000 Jan 29 2019
t2-small $16.56 1 2.0 8 250 Mar 24 2018
a1.medium $18.36 1 2.0 20 100 Nov 28 2018
g1-small $18.50 1 1.7 10 100 Mar 28 2019
t3-medium $29.95 2 4.0 8 200 Aug 22 2018
t2-medium $33.41 2 4.0 8 250 Jul 22 2018
n1-standard-1 $34.20 1 3.75 20 100 Nov 07 2018
m5a.large $62.00 2 8.0 20 100 Mar 31 2019
n1-standard-2 $68.40 2 7.5 10 100 Jan 27 2019
m5.large $69.12 2 8.0 20 200 Nov 14 2018

Performance Grades

To summarize the performance of each VPS plan, we generated grades based on the various tests that were run: web, sysbench, endurance and remote timing tests. Each grade focuses on one aspect of the VPS speed (cpu, disk IO, network IO...) and can be made of one or more of the metrics generated during the tests.

Grade A is best, grade F is worst.

Follow the letter links to find the test results backing the grade.

How are grades calculated?

Plan Name Web Performance Raw CPU Power Performance Stability Disk IO Performance Network Performance
t2-micro B F E E C
t3.small C C D D D
t2-small B F D C C
g1-small F D D E D
t3-medium B D D D B
t2-medium B C D D D
n1-standard-1 E E D E C
m5a.large C D D D D
n1-standard-2 D C D D C
m5.large B C C C B


In Depth...

The grades above are based on the following test results.


Web Response Times

We ran a database intensive web application with ~100,000 hits per day for several days on VPSs from Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine. This is the average response time measured locally on the VPS for each plan we tested.


Local Response Time per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average response time
GCE g1-small 96.0ms
GCE n1-standard-1 84.0ms
GCE n1-standard-2 69.0ms
EC2 t2-micro 63.0ms
EC2 t3.small 62.0ms
EC2 t2-small 53.0ms
EC2 t3-medium 55.0ms
EC2 t2-medium 52.0ms
EC2 m5a.large 66.0ms
EC2 m5.large 50.0ms


During the Web Test, we collect response time metrics, CPU metrics and database performance metrics. All of those are measured locally on the VPS running the web server. All metrics can be compared on the Web Performance Comparison page.


Sysbench CPU Performances

We ran the full suite of Sysbench tests on VPS plans of Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine. These are the Sysbench CPU test results:


Rate of operations

Higher is better

Provider Plan Operations per second
GCE g1-small 354.7
GCE n1-standard-1 354.8
GCE n1-standard-2 557.9
EC2 t3.small 604.7
EC2 a1.medium 897.3
EC2 t3-medium 554.2
EC2 t2-medium 701.1
EC2 m5a.large 540.7
EC2 m5.large 644.8


Sysbench test results are also available for random disk IO tests, sequential disk IO tests and memory tests.

Review and compare all Sysbench numbers on the Sysbench Comparison page for Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine.


Remote Timings

During the whole duration of the web performance test, we collected web response times from 5 different locations in the world. The chart below reports the average connection + TLS handshake latency from all 5 locations.

Note: Remote timings may not be available for all plans.

Remote Latency per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average remote request duration
GCE g1-small 241.6ms
GCE n1-standard-1 300.8ms
GCE n1-standard-2 299.4ms
EC2 t2-micro 343.6ms
EC2 t3.small 359.8ms
EC2 t2-small 338.6ms
EC2 t3-medium 339.8ms
EC2 t2-medium 344.8ms
EC2 m5a.large 301.6ms
EC2 m5.large 338.8ms

Detailed remote timings measurements including connection time, TLS handshake time, and response time can be compared for Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine on the Remote Timings Comparison page.


Network Transfers

We have performed large file transfers from the Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine VPS and we measured the speed of downloads and uploads.

The transfers involve multiple files, 10 threads and last for at least 10 seconds at maximum speed. The transfers are repeated 3 times from different servers and only the fastest transfer is reported here.

Download Speed per Plan

Higher is better

Provider Plan Network Download Speed
GCE g1-small 434.1Mbps
GCE n1-standard-1 514.9Mbps
GCE n1-standard-2 636.3Mbps
EC2 t3.small 418.7Mbps
EC2 a1.medium 181.8Mbps
EC2 t3-medium 1850.2Mbps
EC2 t2-medium 506.8Mbps
EC2 m5a.large 573.8Mbps
EC2 m5.large 629.0Mbps

Network Transfers measurements including download and upload speeds can be compared for Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine on the Network Transfers Comparison page.


Sustained CPU Endurance Tests

We pushed the CPU of those VPS plans very hard for 24 hours straight.

This kind of tests shows how fast the VPS can go for long periods of time, how stable the performance is and it also gives clues on how overallocated the VPSs are.

Note: Endurance metrics may not be available for all plans.

Average number of operations per hour

Higher is better

Provider Plan Average ops/hour
GCE g1-small 3037.8
GCE n1-standard-1 1622.8
GCE n1-standard-2 4457.1
EC2 t2-micro 458.1
EC2 t3.small 4280.3
EC2 t2-small 1017.4
EC2 t3-medium 1732.2
EC2 t2-medium 2184.5
EC2 m5a.large 1901.8
EC2 m5.large 4587.6

Review and compare endurance test results for Amazon EC2 and Google Compute Engine on the Sustained CPU Endurance Comparison page.


Features and Usability

Features not included in the VPS price in plans tested at vpsbenchmarks.com will be marked as missing.

Google Compute Engine Review Amazon EC2 Review
Hourly Billing  Yes Yes
DDOS Protection  Yes No
Backups  No No
Control Panel  Builtin Builtin
SSH Keys Setup  Yes Yes
Total Number of Datacenters  12 10
Number of Datacenter Continents  3 4





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