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Amazon EC2 vs Hetzner


Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Hetzner Hetzner
Plan Name t2-micro t2-medium t2-small t3-medium m5.large a1.medium CX31 CX21
Cost per Month ($) 11.64 37.0 28.0 37.0 65.0 18.0 11.1 6.0
Memory (GB) 1.0 4.0 2.0 4.0 8.0 2.0 8.0 4.0
Disk Space (GB) 10 8 8 20 20 20 80 40
CPU cores 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2
Data Transfer (GB) 100 250 250 200 200 100 20000 20000
Virtualization Xen KVM Xen KVM KVM Nitro KVM KVM
Latest trial May 06 2018 Jul 22 2018 Mar 24 2018 Aug 22 2018 Nov 14 2018 Nov 28 2018 Oct 18 2018 Aug 09 2018

Performance Grades

To summarize the performance of each VPS plan, we generated grades based on the various tests that were run: web, sysbench, endurance and remote timing tests. Each grade focuses on one aspect of the VPS speed (cpu, disk IO, network IO...) and can be made of one or more of the metrics generated during the tests.

Grade A is best, grade F is worst.

Follow the letter links to find the test results backing the grade.

How are grades calculated?

Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Amazon EC2 Hetzner Hetzner
Plan Name t2-micro t2-medium t2-small t3-medium m5.large a1.medium CX31 CX21
Web Performance B A A B A - B C
Raw CPU Power F D F D C - B B
Performance Stability D C C D C - C A
Disk IO Performance F C C C B - E C
Network Performance C D C B B - C C

In Depth...

The grades above are based on the following test results.

Web Response Times

We ran a database intensive web application with ~100,000 hits per day for several days on VPSs from Amazon EC2 and Hetzner. This is the average response time measured locally on the VPS for each plan we tested.

Local Response Time per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average response time
Amazon EC2 a1.medium 0.0ms
Amazon EC2 m5.large 50.0ms
Amazon EC2 t2-medium 52.0ms
Amazon EC2 t2-small 53.0ms
Amazon EC2 t3-medium 54.8ms
Amazon EC2 t2-micro 63.5ms
Hetzner CX31 75.5ms
Hetzner CX21 91.8ms

During the Web Test, we collect response time metrics, CPU metrics and database performance metrics. All of those are measured locally on the VPS running the web server. All metrics can be compared on the Web Performance Comparison page.

Sysbench CPU Performances

We ran the full suite of Sysbench tests on VPS plans of Amazon EC2 and Hetzner. These are the Sysbench CPU test results:

Rate of operations

Higher is better

Provider Plan Operations per second
Amazon EC2 a1.medium 899.6
Amazon EC2 m5.large 752.7
Amazon EC2 t2-medium 695.3
Amazon EC2 t2-small 315.5
Amazon EC2 t3-medium 637.3
Amazon EC2 t2-micro 296.7
Hetzner CX31 740.2
Hetzner CX21 714.4

Sysbench test results are also available for random disk IO tests, sequential disk IO tests and memory tests.

Review and compare all Sysbench numbers on the Sysbench Comparison page for Amazon EC2 and Hetzner.

Remote Timings

During the whole duration of the web performance test, we collected web response times from 5 different locations in the world. The chart below reports the average connection + TLS handshake latency from all 5 locations.

Note: Remote timings may not be available for all plans.

Remote Latency per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average remote request duration
Amazon EC2 m5.large 338.8ms
Amazon EC2 t2-medium 344.8ms
Amazon EC2 t2-small 338.6ms
Amazon EC2 t3-medium 339.8ms
Amazon EC2 t2-micro 343.6ms
Hetzner CX31 515.2ms
Hetzner CX21 506.0ms

Detailed remote timings measurements including connection time, TLS handshake time, and response time can be compared for Amazon EC2 and Hetzner on the Remote Timings Comparison page.

Network Transfers

We have performed large file transfers from the Amazon EC2 and Hetzner VPS and we measured the speed of downloads and uploads.

The transfers involve multiple files, 10 threads and last for at least 10 seconds at maximum speed. The transfers are repeated 3 times from different servers and only the fastest transfer is reported here.

Download Speed per Plan

Higher is better

Provider Plan Network Download Speed
Amazon EC2 a1.medium 181.8Mbps
Amazon EC2 m5.large 629.0Mbps
Amazon EC2 t2-medium 506.8Mbps
Amazon EC2 t3-medium 1850.2Mbps
Hetzner CX31 907.8Mbps
Hetzner CX21 1111.7Mbps

Network Transfers measurements including download and upload speeds can be compared for Amazon EC2 and Hetzner on the Network Transfers Comparison page.

Sustained CPU Endurance Tests

We pushed the CPU of those VPS plans very hard for 24 hours straight.

This kind of tests shows how fast the VPS can go for long periods of time, how stable the performance is and it also gives clues on how overallocated the VPSs are.

Note: Endurance metrics may not be available for all plans.

Average number of operations per hour

Higher is better

Provider Plan Average ops/hour
Amazon EC2 m5.large 4587.6
Amazon EC2 t2-medium 2184.5
Amazon EC2 t2-small 1017.4
Amazon EC2 t3-medium 1732.2
Amazon EC2 t2-micro 458.1
Hetzner CX31 5863.4
Hetzner CX21 4878.7

Review and compare endurance test results for Amazon EC2 and Hetzner on the Sustained CPU Endurance Comparison page.

Features and Usability

Features not included in the VPS price in plans tested at vpsbenchmarks.com will be marked as missing.

Amazon EC2 Review Hetzner Review
Hourly Billing  Yes Yes
DDOS Protection  No Yes
Backups  No No
Control Panel  Builtin Custom
SSH Keys Setup  Yes Yes
Total Number of Datacenters  10 3
Number of Datacenter Continents  4 1

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