Google Compute Engine vs UpCloud

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We have tested 11 VPS plans from Google Compute Engine and UpCloud. This page is a summary and comparison of all test results for those 2 providers.

Google Compute Engine

Google Compute Engine was founded in 2008.
It is headquartered in the USA.
It offers VPS, Database, Storage and Networking hosting products.

It has datacenters in:
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • Singapore
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • UK
  • USA


UpCloud was founded in 2013.
It is headquartered in Finland.
It offers VPS hosting products.

It has datacenters in:
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Singapore
  • UK
  • USA

VPS Plans

Plan Name Monthly Price CPU cores Memory (GB) Disk Space (GB) Data Transfer (GB) Latest trial
1GB 1core $5.00 1 1.0 25 1000 Jan 22 2020
2GB 1core $10.00 1 2.0 50 2000 Oct 23 2019
g1-small $13.13 1 1.7 10 100 Mar 28 2019
4GB 2 cores $20.00 2 4.0 80 4000 Mar 06 2020
n1-standard-1 $24.27 1 3.75 20 100 Oct 28 2019
e2-highcpu-2 $36.11 2 2.0 0 0 Dec 30 2019
n1-highcpu-2 $36.23 2 1.8 20 100 May 31 2019
n2-highcpu-2 $39.36 2 2.0 0 0 Aug 12 2019
8GB 4 cores $40.00 4 8.0 160 5000 Dec 03 2019
n1-standard-2 $48.55 2 7.5 10 100 Feb 20 2020
16GB 6 cores $80.00 6 16.0 320 6000 Sep 01 2019

Performance Grades

To summarize the performance of each VPS plan, we generated grades based on the various tests that were run: web, sysbench, endurance and remote timing tests. Each grade focuses on one aspect of the VPS speed or stability (cpu, disk IO, network IO...) and is made of one or more metrics measured during the tests.

Grades are evenly distributed between A and F. A is best, F is worst.

Follow the letter links to find the test results backing the grade.

How are grades calculated?

Plan Name Web Perf Raw CPU Power Perf Stability Disk IO Perf Network Perf
1GB 1core
2GB 1core
4GB 2 cores
8GB 4 cores
16GB 6 cores
Show Price Weighted Grades   

VPS Instance Provisioning Time

This is the average time it took to create an instance for Google Compute Engine and UpCloud from instance order to instance accepting connections.

All VPS provisioning times

Google Compute Engine UpCloud
Number of instance creations in sample 8 12
Provisioning time in seconds 24s 59s

In Depth...

The grades above are based on the following test results.

Web Response Times

We ran a database intensive web application with ~100,000 hits per day for several days on cloud servers from Google Compute Engine and UpCloud. This is the average response time measured locally on the VPS for each plan we tested.

Local Response Time per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average response time
GCE g1-small 96.0ms
GCE n1-standard-1 67.0ms
GCE e2-highcpu-2 59.0ms
GCE n1-highcpu-2 74.0ms
GCE n2-highcpu-2 55.0ms
GCE n1-standard-2 75.0ms
UpCloud 1GB 1core 71.0ms
UpCloud 2GB 1core 55.0ms
UpCloud 4GB 2 cores 53.0ms
UpCloud 8GB 4 cores 63.0ms
UpCloud 16GB 6 cores 51.0ms

During the Web Test, we collect response time metrics, CPU metrics and database performance metrics. All of those are measured locally on the VPS running the web server. All metrics can be compared on the Web Performance Comparison page.

Sysbench CPU Performances

We ran the full suite of Sysbench tests on VPS plans of Google Compute Engine and UpCloud. These are the Sysbench CPU test results:

Rate of operations

Higher is better

Provider Plan Operations per second
GCE g1-small 354.7
GCE n1-standard-1 367.9
GCE e2-highcpu-2 545.2
GCE n1-highcpu-2 540.4
GCE n2-highcpu-2 697.7
GCE n1-standard-2 307.7
UpCloud 1GB 1core 400.7
UpCloud 2GB 1core 404.9
UpCloud 4GB 2 cores 779.8
UpCloud 8GB 4 cores 1619.6
UpCloud 16GB 6 cores 2843.8

Sysbench test results are also available for random disk IO tests, sequential disk IO tests and memory tests.

Review and compare all Sysbench numbers on the Sysbench Comparison page for Google Compute Engine and UpCloud.

Remote Timings

During the entire duration of the web performance test, we collected web response times from 5 different locations in the world. The chart below reports the connection establishment time + TLS handshake latency from all 5 locations. (That excludes the time spent on the server that is already measured in web response times above and it also excludes the DNS resolution time since it is not dependent on the provider).

Remote Latency per Plan

Lower is better

Provider Plan Average remote request duration
GCE g1-small 307.8ms
GCE n1-standard-1 318.2ms
GCE e2-highcpu-2 299.4ms
GCE n1-highcpu-2 344.0ms
GCE n2-highcpu-2 305.6ms
GCE n1-standard-2 301.4ms
UpCloud 1GB 1core 501.8ms
UpCloud 2GB 1core 499.6ms
UpCloud 4GB 2 cores 485.2ms
UpCloud 8GB 4 cores 507.8ms
UpCloud 16GB 6 cores 510.0ms

Detailed remote timings measurements including connection time, TLS handshake time, and response time can be compared for Google Compute Engine and UpCloud on the Remote Timings Comparison page.

Network Transfers

We have performed large file transfers from the Google Compute Engine and UpCloud VPS and we measured the speed of downloads and uploads.

The transfers involve multiple files, 10 threads and last for at least 10 seconds at maximum speed. The transfers are repeated 3 times from different servers and only the fastest transfer is reported here.

Download Speed per Plan

Higher is better

Provider Plan Network Download Speed
GCE g1-small 434.1Mbps
GCE n1-standard-1 269.4Mbps
GCE e2-highcpu-2 432.4Mbps
GCE n1-highcpu-2 889.9Mbps
GCE n2-highcpu-2 642.1Mbps
GCE n1-standard-2 635.7Mbps
UpCloud 1GB 1core 700.4Mbps
UpCloud 2GB 1core 862.7Mbps
UpCloud 4GB 2 cores 533.1Mbps
UpCloud 8GB 4 cores 1401.5Mbps
UpCloud 16GB 6 cores 728.2Mbps

Network Transfers measurements including download and upload speeds can be compared for Google Compute Engine and UpCloud on the Network Transfers Comparison page.

Sustained CPU Endurance Tests

We pushed the CPU of those VPS plans hard for 24 hours straight.

This test shows how fast the VPS can go for long periods of time, how stable the performance is and it also gives clues on how overallocated the VPSs may be.

Average number of operations per hour

Higher is better

Provider Plan Average ops/hour
GCE g1-small 3037.8
GCE n1-standard-1 3248.0
GCE e2-highcpu-2 5107.2
GCE n1-highcpu-2 4793.4
GCE n2-highcpu-2 5817.2
GCE n1-standard-2 4523.6
UpCloud 1GB 1core 1813.4
UpCloud 2GB 1core 1753.7
UpCloud 4GB 2 cores 3625.6
UpCloud 8GB 4 cores 6567.7
UpCloud 16GB 6 cores 24448.2

Review and compare endurance test results for Google Compute Engine and UpCloud on the Sustained CPU Endurance Comparison page.

Features and Usability

Features not included in the VPS price of the plan will be marked as missing but they may be available for the fee.

Google Compute Engine Review UpCloud Review
Hourly Billing  Yes Yes
DDOS Protection  Yes No
Backups  No Yes
Control Panel  Builtin Custom
SSH Keys Setup  Yes Yes
Total Number of Datacenters  20 8
Number of Datacenter Continents  4 3
Compare more Google Compute Engine and UpCloud Features


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